CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians report for 2011 shows that later detection of breast cancer in poor woman has lead to a higher mortality rate then that of non poor women who generally receive more frequent screenings.
"In general, progress in reducing breast cancer death rates is being seen across races/ethnicities, socioeconomic status, and across the U.S.," said Otis W. Brawley, M.D., chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society. "However, not all women have benefited equally. Poor women are now at greater risk for breast cancer death because of less access to screening and better treatments. This continued disparity is impeding real progress against breast cancer, and will require renewed efforts to ensure that all women have access to high-quality prevention, detection, and treatment services."
More highlights from Breast Cancer Statistics as summarized by Science Daily, 2011 and Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2011-2012 :
Breast cancer mortality rates have declined steadily since 1990, with the drop in mortality larger among women under 50 (3.2% per year) than among women 50 and older (2.0% per year).
In 2011, an estimated 230,480 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. Excluding cancers of the skin, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States, accounting for nearly 1 in 3 cancers diagnosed.
An estimated 39,520 women are expected to die from the disease in 2011. Only lung cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women.
In January 2008 (the latest year for which figures are available), approximately 2.6 million women living in the U.S. had a history of breast cancer, more than half of whom were diagnosed less than 10 years earlier. Most of them were cancer-free, while others still had evidence of cancer and may have been undergoing treatment.
From 2004 to 2008, the average annual female breast cancer incidence rate was highest in non-Hispanic white women (125.4 cases per 100,000 females) and lowest for Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders (84.9). During this time period, breast cancer incidence rates were stable among all racial/ethnic groups.
Although overall breast cancer incidence rates are lower in African American than white women, African American women have higher rates of distant stage disease; are more likely to be diagnosed with larger tumors; and are more likely to die from the disease.
From 1998-2007, female breast cancer death rates declined annually by 1.9% in Hispanics/Latinas, 1.8% in non-Hispanic whites, 1.6% in African Americans, and 0.8% in Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. Death rates have remained unchanged among American Indians/Alaska Natives.
Analyses by county level poverty rates showed that death rates were highest among women residing in affluent areas until the early 1990s, but since that time rates have been higher among women in poorer areas because the decline in death rates began later and was slower among women residing in poor areas compared to those in affluent areas.
Trends in breast cancer death rates vary by state. During 1998-2007, death rates declined in 36 states and the District of Columbia, but remained relatively unchanged in the remaining 14 states (Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, and Wyoming). The lack of a decline in these states is likely related to variations in the prevalence and quality of mammography screening, as well as state differences in racial and socioeconomic composition.
Despite much progress in increasing mammography utilization, screening rates continue to be lower in poor women compared to non-poor women. In 2008, 51.4% of poor women ages 40 and older had a screening mammogram in the past 2 years compared to 72.8% of non-poor women.
Frequently Asked Questions
Circumcisions. Are they worth it? Mostly a question for guys.?
So, I have a little boy on the way, and I want to get him circumcised. I've always been told it's cleaner and it keeps men from getting yeast infections because of the foreskin. As a woman though, I do not have a penis and I don't have those attached feelings to a penis. So guys, how do you feel about having a circumcised penis or an uncircumcised one? What are you opinions and feelings about it. Do you wish you would or wouldn't of had one?
My husband is cut, and he's upset about it because he thinks it would have made his penis bigger. Personally, I think foreskins look gross, and I don't think I would want to perform certain sexual acts to one with a foreskin.So thinking about my sons future girlfriends, I take that into consideration as a woman. Even though I know I do not want him to ever be sexually active. I want him to be my baby forever.
To the idiot who called me a troll, I'm not. I have a little boy on the way now, and the website I usually use is just all moms, so I have no male perspective on this topic. Also, I would much rather not approach people in public and ask them such a personal question. Your answer was very insightful, yet your comment was very rude and I don't appreciate it.
I am intact and do to be honest I would like to keep it intact as the way nature intends because foreskin prevents penis from getting keratinizes and loses its sensitivity so that's the whole purpose of the foreskin. when a guy doesn't have a foreskin he loses the sensitivity up to 75% according to British Journal of Urology. the advantages in which are mentioned by some of people are quite trivial and potential not really useful.
Circumcision reduces the risk of catching HIV up to 60%. well you still have 40% of risk so why don't you wear a condom for 99% protection?
Circumcision reduces the cervical cancers in women. it might but still it's not a proven fact beside vaccinating women is the best choice because then you can make sure she will never get the cervical cancer. cutting men for protecting women sound very cruel.
Circumcision helps to keep the penis clean (Wrong, my penis is still clean even now it's clean though I didn't shower for like 22 hours and I live in a very tropical Asian country, when I was schooling I didn't shower when I had cold but still my penis wasn't smell bad) it's totally a myth. beside when a guy showers if he can retract the foreskin back and wash it everyday then it will not make it smell bad.
Circumcision prevents yeast infection (Wrong, guys rarely get yeast infection but still women get this relatively higher than guys get but still no woman is subjected to the circumcision, you can cut off the labia minor and clit hood of the women but do you do that? so think about it)
Penile Cancers and Circumcision
Penile cancers are very low and according to American Cancer society its prevalence is roughly 1% in North America and in Asia it's estimated to be 10% due to poor sanitary of poor countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh but still men in these countries are subjected to the circumcision due to their religion but still they have the penile cancers so it implies being circumcised isn't a cure to prevent penile cancers. because you can get the cancer in anywhere on the penis. it can be shaft, glans, testes etc..
BXO is some kind of an inflammation which occurs mostly on the foreskin but can be cured if identified in the early stages so going through a surgery is unnecessary if you are not too late. so circumcision is pretty much useless to prevent these conditions because they are so rare and rare than breasts cancers and easily cured if identified in early stages. so if men are subjected to the circumcision for preventing these conditions then women should be subjected to mastectomy because of the risk of having breasts cancers.
now the disadvantage is according to British Journal of Urology circumcision reduces the sensitivity of the penis up to 75% so it's a huge number. beside doing intercourse with a circumcised man can be painful for women if the friction is in the intolerable level. since the circumcision makes the penis dry because it deprives the moisture from the shaft which is covered by the foreskin since moisture acts as a natural lubricant and less lubricant means high friction vagina can get sore when doing with a man who is circumcised unless artificial lubricant is applied.
the definition of the mutilation is
an injury that causes disfigurement or that deprives you of a limb or other important body part.
since foreskin prevents penis from getting desensitize it's an important body part because its purpose is keeping the sensitivity of the glans and the shaft intact so removing it loses the sensitivity so circumcision can be considered as a mutilation.
btw guys she is a troll so ignore her. >_<